Kwame Nkrumah (føddur 21. september 1909[a] – 27. apríl 1972) var ein ganesiskur politikari og uppreistrarmaður. Hann var fyrsti forsætisráðharri og forseti í Gana, eftir at hann leiddi landið til sjálvstýri frá Stórabretlandi í 1957. Hann gekk inn fyri Panafrikanismu og var ein av stovnandi limunum í Organization of African Unity og fekk Lenin Friðarpvirðislønina í 1962.
Notur[rætta | rætta wikitekst]
- Rooney (1988), Kwame Nkrumah, p. 7. "He was born on 21 September 1909, and by local custom, because it was Saturday, he was called Kwame." But cf. Marika Sherwood (1996), Kwame Nkrumah: the years abroad, p. 17: "Kwame Nkrumah was born on Nkroful in the Western Region of Ghana probably on 21 September 1909. The exact date is not known as birth certificates were not issued in those days." With footnote: "In a biography drafted in the USA Nkrumah gave his birthdate as 21 September 1912, though in his autobiography he stated his birthday to be 21 September 1909 GNA:SC21/1/119. Basil Davidson in Black Star (Allen Lane, London, 1973, p. 19) states that Nkrumah's baptismal records give the date as 1909.
Keldur[rætta | rætta wikitekst]
- Mazrui 1966, p. 9: "There is little doubt that, quite consciously, Nkrumah saw himself as an African Lenin. He wanted to go down in history as a major political theorist—and he wanted a particular stream of thought to bear his own name. Hence the term 'Nkrumahism'—a name for an ideology that he hoped would assume the same historic and revolutionary status as 'Leninism'."